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At the Eve of Convergence? Social Services in the U.S. and Germany

Policy Report 42 In Policy Report 42, Annette Zimmer and Steven Rathgeb Smith look at social service and health care provision in the United States and Germany, examining the historical …

A Nation of Joiners: Sports Clubs in Germany

There is no doubt that America looks back upon a long tradition of voluntarism and civic activity, organized by and large in voluntary organizations, writes Dr. Annette Zimmer, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow and Professor at the University of M√ľnster. But it is not as well known, however, that Germany stands out for its club culture as well, including more than 90,000 registered sports clubs with more than 27 million members. Dr. Zimmer looks at the history of German club culture and concludes that while the overall attitude toward German sports clubs is strong, these clubs will increasingly face membership challenges in the future due to the changing structure of German society.