From the AGI Bookshelf: The Seven Secrets of Germany: Economic Resilience in an Era of Global Turbulence
President Emeritus of AGI
Jackson Janes is the President Emeritus of the American-German Institute at the Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC, where he has been affiliated since 1989.
Dr. Janes has been engaged in German-American affairs in numerous capacities over many years. He has studied and taught in German universities in Freiburg, Giessen and Tübingen. He was the Director of the German-American Institute in Tübingen (1977-1980) and then directed the European office of The German Marshall Fund of the United States in Bonn (1980-1985). Before joining AICGS, he served as Director of Program Development at the University Center for International Studies at the University of Pittsburgh (1986-1988). He was also Chair of the German Speaking Areas in Europe Program at the Foreign Service Institute in Washington, DC, from 1999-2000 and is Honorary President of the International Association for the Study of German Politics .
Dr. Janes is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the Atlantic Council of the United States, and American Purpose. He serves on the advisory boards of the Berlin office of the American Jewish Committee, and the Beirat der Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik (ZfAS). He serves on the Selection Committee for the Bundeskanzler Fellowships for the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
Dr. Janes has lectured throughout Europe and the United States and has published extensively on issues dealing with Germany, German-American relations, and transatlantic affairs. In addition to regular commentary given to European and American news radio, he has appeared on CBS, CNN, C-SPAN, PBS, CBC, and is a frequent commentator on German television. Dr. Janes is listed in Who’s Who in America and Who’s Who in Education.
In 2005, Dr. Janes was awarded the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Germany’s highest civilian award.
Ph.D., International Relations, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California
M.A., Divinity School, University of Chicago
B.A., Sociology, Colgate University
Transatlantic relations, German-American relations, domestic German politics, German-EU relations, transatlantic affairs.
A simple question runs through this book—why is Germany different? The authors are deciphering the secrets to answer that question and, in their analysis, offer explanations for Germany’s ability to steer through challenges.
The authors are essentially looking at how Germany has managed to arrive as an economic success story against so many odds and how other countries in Europe have failed. In the wake of the global meltdown in 2008, how did Germany come out stronger? In the 1990s, when Germany was declared the sick man of Europe, how did the country turn itself around to be strong enough to weather subsequent storms?
The thesis is that Germany has secrets…that are really not secret at all. But Germans have advantages that have provided an opportunity in dealing with major transitions in a global economy.
The seven “secrets” have to do with a combination of factors that are interwoven and interdependent, cultural and structural, policy and practice. Although they might not be transferable to other countries, they can be studied, which is what the authors have done.
The focus of the study is the strength of the so-called Mittelstand—highly focused smaller companies that have identified, polished, and nurtured a niche in the global competitive market. It is focused on the nurturing of a labor force that is capable of both implementation and innovation. It involves a holistic approach to the structure of the economic foundation of Germany—its governance of industrial relations and its investment in the environment or infrastructure in which it operates. It requires understanding that even after unification and becoming the largest and most powerful economy in Europe, Germany remains a small country in a global economy in need of staying competitive in all corners of the market. It illustrates a paradoxical equation involving Germany’s perseverance of some practices and pillars, while still able to reform and rethink others. Even the history of postwar Germany, starting from the zero hour through the next seven decades, shows how the legacies of WWII, including the foundation of the Federal Republic in 1949, provided a platform from which Germans could take advantage of a decentralized economic and political framework to rebuild a democracy and a successful economy. And in the process, Germans could gradually recognize for themselves not only what they had to remember, but also to renew.
At a time when modern Germany is coping with its biggest crisis in decades—the refugee and immigration challenge—many of the tools that have worked in the past to sustain economic growth and political stability are under pressure. In a bit more than a quarter of a century, Germans have had to redefine their country and themselves in the wake of unification, the opening up of Europe, and indeed in facing increased opportunities, expectations, and responsibilities on the world stage.
The authors have pointed out not only what resources Germans have in reserve, but also what they have to develop to deal with these new chapters. None of the “secrets” would have been sufficient for success by itself. But the combination of them is in fact the real secret of Germany’s success. Can any of those skills and practices be adopted, say in the U.S.? Maybe not wholesale. The authors point out the unique characteristics of German experiences, perspectives, and indeed values. But they also offer a good deal of comparative assessments, particularly in the U.S., where a lot can still be learned from Germany.
Reference is often made to the recent success of the German national soccer team—not made up of mega stars, but still able to win the World Cup a fourth time in Brazil by working together so brilliantly. Of course, there were occasions where that didn’t work in the past years. So, Germany cannot take things for granted. But the authors answer some questions as to how Germany got this far—even if there are still a lot of tough challenges ahead.
This book is a good introduction for anyone looking for ideas and innovative approaches to understanding what can make a difference in a changing and indeed turbulent world arena.